Newquay on the north coast is another major urban settlement which is known for its beaches and is a popular surfing destination, as is Bude further north, but Newquay is now also becoming important for its aviation-related industries. Camborne is the county’s largest town and more populous than the capital Truro. St Austell is also larger than Truro and was the centre of the china clay industry in Cornwall. Until four new parishes were created for the St Austell area on 1 April 2009 St Austell was the largest settlement in Cornwall.

One of the most famous legends in Cornwall is about a beast that roams around the moor, known as the “Beast of Bodmin”. The Barbary Pirates were able to launch these attacks due to the lack of defense and protection along the coast of Cornwall. The raids continued until the Royal Navy began to patrol the area and put an end to the pirate attacks. Cornwall’s rich history of smuggling dates back to the 18th and 19th centuries. Bodmin Jail also boasted a chapel, a hospital, and a library, making it one of the most modern and well-equipped prisons of its time. With towering palm trees on white sand beaches surrounded by bright blue water, the Isles of Scilly look like you’ve completely turned up the contrast on any beach trip.

Hikers love Cornwall, as do cyclists, and it’s a dream destination for surfers with high waves, perfect pits, and the rugged shore. With nearly 200 beaches getting close to the sea isn’t a problem in Cornwall, though the two coasts are very different. The northern coastline is more exposed, facing the Celtic Sea and has a more rugged, wilder feel to it. Between St. Gennys and Boscastle you can find the appropriately named High Cliff, with a 223m sheer drop.

In the summer of 2018, due to the recognition of its beaches and weather through social media and the marketing of travel companies, Cornwall received about 20 per cent more visitors than the usual 4.5 million figure. The sudden rise and demand of tourism in Cornwall caused multiple traffic and safety issues in coastal areas. As in other former mining districts of Britain, male voice choirs and brass bands, such as Brass on the Grass concerts during the summer at Constantine, are still very popular in Cornwall. Cornwall also has around 40 brass bands, including the six-times National Champions of Great Britain, Camborne Youth Band, and the bands of Lanner and St Dennis. The county is rural, with an area of 3,562 square kilometres and population of 568,210. The largest settlements are Falmouth , Newquay , St Austell , and Truro .

The early organisation and affiliations of the Church in Cornwall are unclear, but in the mid-9th century it was led by a Bishop Kenstec with his see at Dinurrin, a location which has sometimes been identified as Bodmin and sometimes as Gerrans. Kenstec acknowledged the authority of Ceolnoth, bringing Cornwall under the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The first few bishops here were native Cornish, but those appointed from 963 onwards were all English. From around 1027, the see was held jointly with that of Crediton, and in 1050, they were merged to become the diocese of Exeter.

We’re searchable by interests, counties, cities and areas – definitely not just for the kids! Life in Cornwall can be difficult because of rising house prices and seasonal work. It’s said that over 20% of people in Cornwall work in the tourism industry – difficult in those winter months. One of the most interesting facts about Cornwall for history lovers is that King Arthur is believed to have been born here, in Tintagel. There are many mysteries and stories surrounding his existence, one of our favourites is that he was believed to have been protected from evil by Merlin the magician who lived below the castle in a cave.

Parliamentary forces invaded Cornwall three times and burned the Duchy archives. In 1645 Cornish Royalist leader Sir Richard Grenville, 1st Baronet made Launceston his base and he stationed Cornish troops along the River Tamar and issued them with instructions to keep “”all foreign troops out of Cornwall””. Grenville tried to use “”Cornish particularist sentiment”” to muster support for the Royalist cause and put a plan to the Prince which would, if implemented, have created a semi-independent Cornwall. It has been claimed as one of the great ironies of history that three Cornish-speaking Cornishmen brought the English language back from the verge of extinction – John of Cornwall, John Trevisa and Richard Pencrych.

Book accommodation, car hire and attractions ahead of time to avoid disappointment. During July and August, the weather is generally at its best but this is also high season and the roads are busy with visitors heading to the pretty Cornish seaside towns and beaches. Coming down the North Coast, the A39 is good for access to Bude, Wadebridge and Padstow, and all the lovely north coast beaches. Cornwall and surfing go hand in hand, with countless beaches on the north coast, and a handful on the south coast as well. Cornwall’s coastline stretches over 422 miles, making it the county with the longest coastline in England. Cornish people are recognized as a national minority in the UK, which acts as a homage to their distinct culture, language, and identity.

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